16 Buddhist Temples in Southeast Asia You Must Visit

temples in Southeast Asia

16 exceptional Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia

16 BUDDHIST TEMPLES IN SOUTHEAST ASIA TO SEE

Amazing Buddhist temples and holy places of Buddhism you need to see in your lifetime.

THIS POST MAY CONTAIN COMPENSATED LINKS. PLEASE READ MY DISCLAIMER FOR MORE INFO. 

I believe after checking my list of sensational Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia, most likely you will search for the best options to visit them.
If you prefer traveling with tours I suggest taking a look at:
Indochina Encompassed,
Indochina In-Depth: Temples and Teal Water,
Epic Indochina: River Cruises & Karst Mountains,
Indochina: Northern Hilltribe Trekking & Beach Vibes, and
Epic Bangkok to Kuta: Beaches, Forests & Volcanoes or
Vietnam, Laos & Myanmar: Beaches and Bliss.

Awe-inspiring Buddhist temples of Southeast Asia:

1. BOROBUDUR, JAVA, INDONESIA

buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Borobudur in Indonesia © World Travel Connector

Borobudur is not only the largest Buddhist temple in Southeast Asia but also the largest Buddhist temple in the world and one of the most beautiful temples in the world overall. Temple of Borobudur is a Mahayana Buddhist temple built between the 8th century and 9th century on the island of Java in Indonesia  It was made of 2 million blocks of stone and covers an area of o.62 acres (0.25 ha, 2.500 m²).

Barabudur was designed in the shape of the stepped pyramid with 3 levels representing a journey from earthly desires to nirvana. Barabudur temple is actually a huge Buddhist stupa with a square base, 5 square terraces (the first level), 3 circle platforms (the middle level), 72 seating Buddhas in 72 small stupas and a central stupa at the top (the upper level). This majestic sacred place of Buddhism is marvelously decorated with 2.672 reliefs and 504 Buddha statues in total.

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Borobudur temple in the island of Java in Indonesia © World Travel Connector

Borobudur in Java is a place of Buddhist worship and Buddhist pilgrimage site in Indonesia.  This biggest Buddhist temple in the world was mysteriously abandoned in the 16th century, and over time got buried by volcanic ash and covered by Javanese jungle vegetation. Borobudur temple was rediscovered in 1815 in a rainforest in central Java.

Today Borobudur is a UNESCO World Heritage site in Indonesia.  

2. ANGKOR, CAMBODIA

Temples in Southeast Asia
Angkor Wat in Cambodia © World Travel Connector

Angkor Wat in Cambodia is the largest religious monument in the World covering about 402 acres (162 ha), and temples of Angkor cover an impressive area of more than 99.000 acres (40.000 ha). While it’s hard to say what is the most beautiful temple in the World, Angkor Wat certainly might be the most impressive temple in the World. 

Angkor complex holds sacred places of Hinduism and sacred places of Buddhism and is of huge importance to all Dharmic religions. Temples of Angkor are both Hindu temples and Buddhist temples.  Hence you will find temples of Angkor listed among Hindu temples in southeast Asia and Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia.

Temples in Southeast Asia
Bayon temple in Cambodia © World Travel Connector

While the first Angkorian period records Shaivism as the state religion from around 800 AD, later periods of the Khmer Empire record Vaishnavism from the beginning of the 12th century, Mahayana Buddhism from the late 12th century and Theravada Buddhism from the 13th century.

At first, Angkor Wat was dedicated to god Vishnu. But later in the 12th century, it got consecrated to Theravada Buddhism. In the late 12th century, Khmer’s King Jayavarman VII converted from Hinduism to Mahayana Buddhism. He built Bayon temple as the first Buddhist temple in the Khmer empire and Buddhism became the state religion of Khmer’s Empire. But his son king Jayavarman VIII reverted to Hinduism and dedicated Bayon to god Shiva. Theravada Buddhism has become the state religion of Cambodia since the 13th century.

Temples in Southeast Asia
Ta Prohm temple was built as a Buddhist monastery by King Jayavarman VII in the 12th century © World Travel Connector

In the 15th century, Khmer’s kings left the City of Angkor for unknown reasons and moved to new capital – Phnom Phnom. Angkor left forgotten in the Cambodian jungle until the mid-19th-century when it was rediscovered.

Angkor Wat temple complex is a World Heritage Site in Cambodia and a top tourist attraction in Cambodia.

Famous Angkor temples that you must add to your bucket list of temples in Southeast Asia are Angkor Wat, Bayon (Angkor Thom), Ta Phrom, Banteay Kdei and Ta Som. Keep in mind that Angkor temples are not only one of the best temples in Asia but one of the best temples in the world too.

3. BAGAN, MYANMAR

temples in Southeast Asia
Buddhist temples and pagodas in Bagan

The old city of Pagan holds the largest number of Buddhist temples and pagodas in the World: 2.000 temples and pagodas on 10.400 acres (4.200 ha). From the 9th to the 13th century at the peak of the Bagan Empire, Bagan had more than 10.000 temples and pagodas.

Most popular pagodas and temples in Bagan are: Ananda Pagoda, Dhammayangyi Temple, Thatbyinnyu temple, Sulamani Pagoda, Thambula temple, Shwezigon Pagoda, Myazedi pagoda, Pyathadar temple and Manuha temple.

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Pagodas in Bagan in Myanmar © World Travel Connector

Bagan archeological zone is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Myanmar. Bagan temples are one of southeast Asia temples you need to see during your lifetime!

4. SHWEDAGON PAGODA, MYANMAR

Temples in Southeast Asia
Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon © World Travel Connector

The Great Dagon Pagoda in Yangon in Myanmar is the most Buddhist sacred site in Myanmar holding the relics of 4 Buddhas (the historical Buddha and 3 Buddhas preceding him) and one of the most impressive Southeast Asian temples.

A legend says that it was built 2.600 years ago, while historians believe it was built between the 6th and the 10th century.

This 99 m tall golden Buddhist stupa holds the 76-carat diamond on the top and is the most famous Buddhist pilgrimage site in Myanmar. Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon is one of the must-see Buddhist temples in Asia.

MAYBE YOU ALSO WOULD LIKE TO READ: Myanmar destinations

5. AYUTTHAYA, THAILAND 

Temples in Southeast Asia
Wat Yai Chai Mongkhon in Ayutthaya © World Travel Connector

One of the best Buddhist places to visit is definitely Ayutthaya in Thailand. Buddhist temples of ancient Ayutthaya represent the finest example of Siamese art. The city of Ayutthaya was founded as the second capital of the Kingdom of Siam in the 14th century and destroyed (burned to the ground) by Burmese in the 18th century.

Temples in Southeast Asia
Wat Mahathat © World Travel Connector

Famous Buddhist temples in Ayutthaya that shouldn’t be missed out among Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia are: Wat Chaiwatthanaram (a royal Buddhist temple form the 17th century and the most impressive Ayutthaya temple with 8 chedi  – pagodas and the central prang — tower), Wat Yai Chai Mongkhon with as a large stupa and a reclining Buddha, white Chedi Phukhao Thong, Wat Mahathat with famous Buddha head in a banyan tree, Wat Phra Si Sanphet with 3 large chedis and once the holiest site of Ayutthaya, Wat Lokkayasuthoram with a huge (about 40 m long and 8 m tall) outdoor Reclining Buddha.

Temples in Southeast Asia
Wat Phra Si Sanphet in Ayutthaya © World Travel Connector

The Historic City of Ayutthaya is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Thailand.

Temples in Southeast Asia
Wat Phra Ram in Ayutthaya © World Travel Connector

6. WAT PHRA KAEW, THAILAND

Bangkok itinerary
Temple of the Holy Jewel Image in Bangkok © World Travel Connector

The Temple of Emerald Buddha in Bangkok is the most important Buddhist temple in Thailand and the most famous Buddhist temple in Thailand too. The 26 in (66 cm) tall Buddha statue is made of a single piece of jade. King of Thailand is the only person allowed to approach the Emerald Buddha and to change his robes 3 times a year (in the summer season, winter and rainy season). This Buddhist sacred site is located within the grounds of the Grand Palace of Bangkok. 

7. WAT PHO, THAILAND

Temples in Southeast Asia
Wat Pho Temple in Bangkok © World Travel Connector

The Temple of the Reclining Buddha in Bangkok is the largest temple complex in Bangkok and one of the oldest temple complex in Bangkok. It is home to the largest collection of Buddha images in Thailand, including a giant (15 m tall and 46 m long) gold reclining Buddha statue. Wat Pho in Bangkok is rated as a first-class Royal Temple in Thailand and is one of the best temples in southeast Asia. Wat Pho is also known as the first public university in Thailand. 

8. WAT ARUN, THAILAND

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Temple of Dawn in Bangkok © World Travel Connector

The Temple of Dawn is one of the most impressive Buddhist temples in Bangkok, a famous pagoda in Thailand and a landmark of Thailand. Wat Arun is wonderfully decorated with tiny pieces of Chinese porcelain and colored glass and is one of the most beautiful temples in Southeast Asia. This southeast Asian temple is dedicated to Indian god Arun, and in its form represents Mount Meru. Wat Arun is located on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River in Bangkok across the Grand Palace complex in Bangkok.

MAYBE YOU ALSO WOULD LIKE TO READ: Bangkok itinerary for First Timers

9. WAT RONG KHUN, THAILAND

Temples in Southeast Asia
Wat Rong Kun in Chiang Rai

The White Temple in Chiang Rai is a Buddhist temple of the newest date. It was built in 1997 as an art exhibition and later became a place of Buddhist worship. This fairytale temple is an utterly unconventional Buddhist temple and a top tourist attraction in Thailand. Wat Rong Kun in Thailand is one of the most bizarre temples in Southeast Asia. 

READ MORE: Chiang Rai Temples

Temples in Southeast Asia
White Temple in Chiang Rai © World Travel Connector

10. PHA THAT LUANG, LAOS

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Pha That Luang in Vientiane © World Travel Connector

The Great Stupa in Vientiane in Laos is a national symbol of Laos and the most sacred place of Buddhism in Laos.  The Great Sacred Stupa of Laos is believed to be home to a breastbone of Buddha brought by an Indian missionary to Laos in the 3rd century. The current stupa was built in the 16th century on the site of a 13th century Khmer ruin. Every terrace of Phi That Luang stupa represents a different stage of enlightenment: from the material world to nothingness.

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Pha That Luang in Vientiane © World Travel Connector

MAYBE YOU ALSO WOULD LIKE TO READ: Buddha Park in Vientiane

11. WAT XIENG THONG, LAOS

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Wat Xieng Thong in Luang Prabang © World Travel Connector

The Golden City Temple is a Buddhist temple in Luang Prabang in Laos. Wat Xieng Thong was built in the 16th century as a royal temple where Lao kings were crowned until 1975. This holy site of Buddhism is a brilliant example of traditional Lao art and craft. Wooden golden doors of the temple picture scenes of Buddha’s life, while the ceiling with dharma wheels picture Buddhist law and the circle of reincarnation.

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Wat Xieng Thong in Luang Prabang © World Travel Connector

Temples in Luang Prabang are not only one of the most refined Buddhist temples in Southeast  Asia, but also one of the most sophisticated temples in Asia overall.

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Wat Xieng Thong in Luang Prabang © World Travel Connector

The town of Luang Prabang, meaning Royal Buddha Image, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Laos.

12. WAT CHEDI LUANG, THAILAND 

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Wat Chedi Luang in Chiang Mai © World Travel Connector

Chiang Mai in northern Thailand holds more than 300 temples. Buddhist temples in Chiang Mai are one of the most beautiful temples in Southeast Asia and one of the most famous Buddhist temples in Thailand.

Wat Chedi Luang complex or ‘the Temple of the Great Stupa’ is one of the most important Buddhist temples in Chiang Mai in Thailand. The temple complex consists of 3 temples: Wat Chedi Luang, Wat Ho Tam, and Wat Summon.

In the15th century this famous Buddhist temple was home to the Emerald Buddha that today can be seen in Wat Phra Kaew in Bangkok.

13. WAT PHAN TAO, THAILAND 

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Wat Phan Tao in Chiang Mai © World Travel Connector

Wat Phan Tao is a wooden Buddhist temple in Chiang Mai in Thailand. The temple was completely made of dark teak wood in the Lana style in the 14th century.  A golden Buddha statue dominates the simple interior. Wat Phan Tao is used to be a production site of Buddha statues for the Wat Chedi Luang. Hence, the name ‘Temple of Thousand Kilns’. For its simple and humble appearance, Was Phan Tao is my favorite Buddhist temple in Chiang Mai.

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Wat Phan Tao in Chiang Mai © World Travel Connector

14. WAT SAEN MUANG MA LANG, THAILAND

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Wat Saen Muang Ma Luang in Chiang Mai © World Travel Connector

Also called Wat Hua Khuang is one of the most beautiful Buddhist temples in Chiang Mai. This southeast Asia temple is a Burmese temple with elaborate wooden carvings and gold work with two elephants and two dragons in front guarding the temple. The viharns (living space for monks and the meditation space) and ordination hall are built in the classic Lanna style of several tiered roofs.

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Wat Saen Muang Ma Luang in Chiang Mai © World Travel Connector

15. MARBLE MOUNTAINS, DA NANG, VIETNAM

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Thuy Son Mountain in Da Nang in Vietnam © World Travel Connector

The Marble Mountains is a group of 5 sacred limestone and marble hills with caves and intricate temples near Da Nang in Vietnam. The mountains are named after 5 elements: Tho Son (Mt Soil), Hoa Son (Mt Fire), Thuy Son (Mt Water), Moc Son (Mt Plant), are Kim Son (Mt Metal).

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Tam Thai Pagoda in Da Nang © World Travel Connector

Thuy Son Mountain (the Mountain of Water) is a Hindu and Buddhist holy place of worship in Vietnam and is the only mountain of 5 mountains available for tourists. Mt Water is a Buddhist sanctuary with Hindu and Buddhist shrines, pagodas and caves. 156 steps lead to Tam Thai Pagoda and Torre Xa Loi Pagoda on the top of Mt Water.

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Torre Xa Loi Pagoda © World Travel Connector

MAYBE YOU ALSO WOULD LIKE TO READ: Fairy Stream in Muine in Vietnam

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Thuy Son Mountain in Da Nang © World Travel Connector

16. WAT PHNOM, CAMBODIA

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Wat Phnom in Phnom Penh © World Travel Connector

Wat Phnom is a Buddhist temple in Phnom Penh in Cambodia. It was built in the 14th century on a hill and therefore is named ‘the Hill Temple’. According to a legend, a widow named Penh found 4 Buddha statues in a koki tree floating in the river. She built a small shrine on a raised ground, which is later to be known as the Penh’s Hill, to home the statues. The last king of the Khmer Empire moved the capital from Angkor to Phnom Penh and raised the hill building a new shrine.

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
Wat Phnom in Phnom Penh in Cambodia © World Travel Connector

The temple seats a huge bronze Buddha statue and holds exquisite wall paintings with stories of Buddha life and a Khmer version of the Ramayana.

Wat Phnom is the main Buddhist holy site in Phnom Penh for celebrating Khmer New Year. Khmer New Year takes place on 13 April.

Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia
16 Buddhist Temples in Southeast Asia You Must Visit
THIS POST MAY CONTAIN COMPENSATED LINKS. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ MY DISCLAIMER FOR MORE INFO.

6 comments

  1. Wow, theese temples are so beautiful and diverse. I have only been to Angkor Wat yet, but had only the one in Indonesia and those in Myanmar on my list of places to visit if I ever travel to those countries. The temples you mention in Thailand and Laos, however, were not on my radar. Thank you for sharing!

  2. And on this list, I have visited…none! 😀 I havent been to this part of Asia yet but when I do, I love exploring temples and the surroundings. I have been to Buddhist temples in China and loved them. Great post.

  3. I have been to only 6 of them ! What a shame especially when I live so near to these countries. Each one of them is a masterpiece and is a must visit.

  4. Well I have been to 13/16 and have to agree! Yes, these are some amazing temples. My favourite is the white temple in northern Thailand. Such a great list with a lot of variety.

  5. Wow! it is such a great list with a lot of variety. I have been some of the places, and I definitely need to add some more places from your list. Thanks a lot for sharing this great post.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

876 Shares
Share174
Pin702
Tweet